Golestan Province

Golestan Province

Golestan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran, located in the north-east of the country south of the Caspian Sea. Its capital is Gorgan. Golestan has mild weather and a temperate climate most of the year. Golestan National Park is Iran's biggest national park, which spans three provinces, Golestan, Mazandaran and North Khorasan. Human settlements in this area date back to 10000 BCE. Evidence of the ancient city of Jorjan can still be seen near the current city of Gonbad-e Kavus. It was an important city of Persia located on the Silk Road. The Turkmens reside in the north of the province; a plain called Turkmen Sahra, this former nomadic people live in this area from 15th century, main cities of whom is Gonbad-e Kavus and Bandar Torkaman.

One the most beautiful and delicate of Iranian crafts are created by Turkmen women. It is called “Souzan Douzi”. The word Souzan means needle in Persian, and this craft is a kind of embroidery with elaborate patterns of yellow and black stitches. This craft is also known as “Keshteh” or “Siah Douzi” and according to historical documents, dates back to Scythians. Some of the most famous tourist areas of the province are Gonbad-e Qabus Tower, Khalid Nabi Cemetery, Turkmen Sahara, Golestan National Park, Naahar Khoran Forest, Kaboodwall Waterfall, Shirabad Waterfall & etc.

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